2. Original Scientific Paper

Aim: To study how gender preferences influence fertility interventions among women of Todapur-Dasghara, Delhi.

Methods: A cross sectional study design was devised in which data was collected through questionnaires and interviewing. Data on reproductive profile of 900 ever-married women (15-55years) of Todapur-Dasghara were collected.

Results: Majority of the women fall in the 25-29 years age group.60% of the women are illiterate. Out of 900 women (48.1%) preferred to have a male child. Women who had at least one male child, showed an intention of having more children, only if there was a possibility of a male child. A strong desire to have first child as a male child exists, not only in Todapur-Dasghara but also in other parts of India (Urban as well as rural).If a couple has a male child, they prefer to use contraceptives to limit their family, on the other hand if they have a female child, they would not limit their family using contraceptives.

Conclusion: It is observed that there is a strong preference for the male child. The customs and practices of the society is patriarchal hierarchy, dowry system, education of the girl child ,all are related to this mental perception of favouring the male child .So “save the girl child” which is advocated all over the country. Upliftment of the status of women should be our first motto. A fertility intervention that is using contraceptives to limit the family comes into picture only if a male child is born. This mindset can be changed through education of women.

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