7. Invited Paper

Aim & Objective: The study intends to find out the relation between blood pressure and body composition indicators among the adult Bengalee male of North 24 Parganas, West Bengal, India.

Material & Methods: A cross sectional study has been conducted among 233 Bengalee male (aged 18
– 60 years) in four villages of North 24 Parganas. Area was selected by the deliberate sampling method whereas, populations were selected through random sampling method. Some anthropometric measurements, skinfold measurements and blood pressure were collected through standard techniques and Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) was calculated. The calculated Body Composition Indicators (BCIs) were Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist Hip Ratio (WHR), Waist Height Ratio (WHtR), Percentage of Body Fat (PBF), Fat Mass (FM), Fat Free Mass (FFM).

Results & Discussion: There is a significant and positive correlation is present between blood pressures and all the anthropometric variables, except body height. In case of BCIs a significant positive correlation is present between obesity indicators and blood pressures. Step-wise multiple regression coefficient suggests that Waist circumference (WC) and Waist Height ratio (WHtR) are important predictors for assessment of hypertension or high blood pressure. Both WC and WHtR indicate central obesity of a person. The result suggests that central obesity is associated with increasing blood pressure and central obesity is the better indicator for the assessment of hypertension or high blood pressure among the adult Bengalee male population.

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